Department of Surgery, Center for Surgical Treatment of Morbid and Metabolic Disorders, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. firstname.lastname@example.org
Bariatric surgery frequently results in the resolution of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). One of the many factors that could explain such findings is the duodenal exclusion of the alimentary tract. To test this hypothesis, a surgical model that induces glycemic control without significant weight loss would be ideal. In the present study, we evaluated the early metabolic changes that occur in overweight diabetic patients after laparoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) and determined the factors associated with success in T2DM resolution. The setting was a private practice.
A total of 35 patients (20 men and 15 women) were included in the present study. The mean preoperative body mass index was 28.4 ± 2.9 kg/m(2). DJB was performed in all patients, and the anthropometric data and blood samples were collected at baseline (preoperatively) and 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery. Success was defined when patients reached a glycated hemoglobin level of <7% without diabetic medication.
T2DM remission was observed in 14 (40%) of 35 patients. No differences in the homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index levels and patient weight were observed before and 12 months after DJB surgery. Gender, duration of T2DM, previous use of insulin, preoperative homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index, and C-peptide levels were not significant predictive factors of success or nonsuccess. The only factor that significantly predicted postoperative positive outcomes was a waist circumference reduction of ≥ 7% compared with baseline within the first 6 months after surgery.
DJB improves glycemic control; however, it does not increase insulin sensitivity in overweight diabetic patients. These changes were observed without significant weight loss.